What is vaginitis?
It simply means, inflammation of the vagina. Whenever you see -itis, it denotes inflammation.
Do you still remember the signs of inflammation? (Signs are; Redness, Swelling, Heat, Pain) Oh! Good.
Vaginitis may be caused by infection, allergic reaction, hormone deficiency associated with aging, or the presence of a foreign body, such as forgotten tampon or pad in the vagina.
Vagina infection is commonly caused by the fungus Candida albican that causes candidiasis or the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis that causes Trichomoniasis, both of which cause irritation and vaginal discharges.
Another common cause, known as nonspecific vaginitis, is caused by bacteria that normally inhabit the vagina. In this case, the bacteria multiply for unknown reasons (possibly via stress or change of partner) and cause an offensive vaginal discharge.
It may also be caused by reactions to spermicidal creams often used with barrier contraceptives, to chemical in douches or the ingredients of soaps.
After menopause, the lining of the vagina becomes thin and dry and prone to inflammation. Such inflammation, known as atrophic vaginitis, is due to reduction in the level of estrogen hormones.
How can it be treated?
Infections are treated with antibiotics or antifungal agents as appropriate. In case of allergy, irritant agent or allergen should be avoided.
What to do?
If you notice any form of offensive discharge, itching, pain etc in your private part (vagina), consult your healthcare provider.