Bad breath also known as halitosis is embarrassing, its one situation that lowers one’s self esteem. Most of the time, they are caused by some lifestyle habits which could easily be checked or dealt with. It is also associated with depression and symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder.
Bad breath (halitosis) could be as a result of;
√ Strongly flavoured food such as garlic or onion
√ Drugs such as paradehyde.
√ Other causes include mouth breathing, smoking, periodontal disease, and infective conditions of the nose, throat, and lungs ( especially bronchioectasis). Constipation, indigestion, and some liver diseases may be responsible.
√ Not brushing or flossing daily, smoking or chewing tobacco products also contributes to bad breath with odour causing bacteria and food particles also key contributors.
Genuine halitosis: About 85% of cases come from inside the mouth. The remaining cases are believed to be due to disorders in the nose, sinuses, throat, lungs, esophagus, or stomach. Rarely, bad breath can be due to an underlying medical condition such as liver failure or ketoacidosis.
Non-Genuine halitosis: Non-genuine cases occur when someone feels they have bad breath but someone else cannot detect it. This is estimated to make up between 5% and 70% of cases.
What to do?
1. Brushing and flossing twice a day (upon rising and before retiring) to get rid of food trapped in the mouth
2. Drinking water at intervals
3. Cleaning the tongue i.e after brushing or with a tongue cleaner
4. Eat mint leaves or chew minty gum to stimulate saliva production which helps to reduce halitosis
5. Rinse your mouth after eating and eat fruits rich in Vitamin C
6. Treatment of underlying gum disease.
7. Consult your doctor or health care provider.