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BMI (Body Mass Index): What is it?

What is BMI?
Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on your weight in relation to your height, and applies to most adult men and women aged 20 and over. 

BMI is used as a screening tool to indicate whether a person is underweight, overweight, obese or a healthy weight for their height.
If a person’s BMI is out of the healthy BMI range, their health risks may increase significantly.
The health risks associated with an increasing BMI are continuous some of which are;
Heart diseases
Muscle and joint pains
Some kind of cancer
Benefits of maintaining body weight
° Fewer joint and muscle pains
° Increased energy and ability to join in more activities
° Improved regulation of bodily fluids and blood pressure
° Reduced burden on the heart and circulatory system
° Improved sleep patterns
° Reductions in blood triglycerides, blood glucose, and risk of developing type 2 diabetes
° Reduced risk for heart disease and certain cancers.
How to calculate BMI for adults
BMI can be calculated using three formulas.
1. Metric BMI Formula
BMI = Weight in kilograms/height in   meters x height in meters
(Weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (kg/m2). Since height is commonly measured in centimeters, divide height in centimeters by 100 to obtain height in meters).
2. Imperial BMI Formula
(Weight (lbs.) * 703) / Height (inches)2
(When using pounds and inches, the formula needs to be altered slightly. Multiply your weight in pounds by 703. Divide that by your height in inches, squared).
3. BMI= weight in kilograms height in centimeters x height in centimeters x 10,000
(Weight in kilograms divided by height in centimeters square multiply by 10,000).
Values and what they mean 
Less than 18.5=Underweight
18.5 to 24.9=Normal weight
25.0 to 29.9=Overweight
30.0 to 39.9=Obese 
Greater than 40.0=Extremely obese

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Updated: September 27, 2017 — 7:08 am


You should not rely on this information as a substitute for, nor does it replace, professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.

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The Author


Sunday Dapo OBEMBE is a Nurse, Blogger, and a writer. He owns MULTI-LOADED EMPIRE. Knowledge of health is wealth.


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