Postnatal Depression, does it sound fresh?
It is the same thing as, Baby blues and Postpartum depression.
This is a form of depression that occurs in a woman after childbirth. Postnatal depression is probably as a result of combination of hormonal changes and a variety of psychological and environmental factors.
Postnatal depression ranges from an extremely common and short-lived attack of mild depression (Baby blues) to a depressive psychosis in which the woman is very severely depressed and requires admission to hospital to prevent harm to self and baby.
As findings revealed, nearly more than two thirds of mothers have the “blues”, which usually start about four to five days after childbirth.
The woman feels miserable, discouraged, irritable and may cry easily.
Apart from hormonal variation, psychological factors may play a role including a sense of anticlimax after the birth or an overwhelming sense of responsibility for the baby’s care.
With reassurance and support from family and friends, the depression usually passes in two or three days.
Mild Severe Depression
This comes with constant feeling of tiredness, difficulty in sleeping, loss of appetite, and restlessness. This form of postnatal depression seems more likely to occur in a woman who developed strained relationship with partner, financial or other worries, or has personality disorder.
Those at risk also include;
√ Anxiety or Depression during pregnancy
√ First time mothers
√ Single parents
The condition usually clears up on its own or responds to antidepressants.
This is a very severe form of postnatal depression. It occurs in about one in 1,000 pregnancies and usually starts two to three weeks after childbirth.
Depressive psychosis is marked by;
• Feeling of worthlessness
• Suicidal attempts
• Sometimes delusion.
The treatment requires admission, sensitive counseling, possibly family therapy. Also, antidepressants are often used.